The tick is a blood sucking insect. If you are looking for a pest control company in Abu Dhabi to control ticks, spray ticks, exterminate the tick, contact Mazaya for pest control now.
Ticks are the common name for small-sized arthropod organisms, belonging to the arachnid row, with eight legs. Most types of ticks are found in the continents of North America and Africa. Creature to another, as well as the tick absorbs human blood if it is present in its environment, and causes severe damage to it, most types of ticks are found in agricultural environments, and the low areas where animals are located, as well as adhering to the bodies of domestic animals such as dogs and cats and are usually active during the spring and summer seasons.
The body is flat from both dorsal and ventral sides, the length of ticks reaches from 3-23 mm, depending on the type and the extent of the body's fullness in blood. By armor or thief.
The thirst in males is greater than that of females, as it covers most of the dorsal surface of the body, whereas in females it covers only the front part of the body just behind the heads, and when the female is filled with blood the size of the body swells, so it is difficult to see the thirst.
The pupa in the immature phases is small in both females and males, there is a pair of simple eyes in the tick on the side edge or below the side edge of the pupil, there are many types without eyes, however the eyesless types interact positively with low light and interact negatively with high lighting , As do the types with eyes.
Adult females in ticks are distinguished from nymphs by having a genital opening near the end of the second pair of legs, and adult females have a pair of dips (porous spaces) on the dorsal surface at the base of the heads, there are no iliac members in the ticks, in some races there are a number of units Rectangles on the back edge of the body are called festones, but it is difficult to see them in blood-filled females to swell their bodies.
The tick has four pairs of seven-legged legs and the wrist ends with a pair of claws. The anus in the tick is located in the posterior third of the body on the ventral surface, while the genital opening is at the base level of the second or third pair of legs.
The tick has a member called the Holler organ on the wrist of the first legs pair to search for the host by waving these legs in the air, and the secondary sensory receptors in the front hole of the Huller member respond to odors, especially phenolic compounds, as other receptors respond to moisture and heat, and there are receptors that respond to the temperature change , And it responds to the host’s body temperature.
Feed the tick
Both the female and the male tick feed on blood, so distinguishing the female from the male is not medically important, and it is worth noting that the female tick takes more blood than the male.
Tick life cycle /:
The life cycle of a tick is incomplete, as it includes one larval phase and one mermaid phase. It is necessary to have a blood meal until the ovary matures and the female can lay eggs.
Young female ticks remain intrusive on their families for a long period of up to four weeks, after obtaining a large amount of blood falling to the ground searching for a suitable place for it under the leaves of plants or on stones or between the surface roots of herbs and others bury themselves in the topsoil. Female lay eggs after about 3-6 days after the fall of the host, this time may be longer than more than several weeks and may reach a few months, depending on the temperature and type.
A female tick lays 1,000-8,000 spherical eggs in a gelatinous mass that forms in the front and on top of the thyroid, sometimes the mass of eggs is larger than the laying female, the laying period takes from 10 days to 5 weeks or more.
The tick possesses an organ called a gene organ, and this organ is an enlarged base and two short horns, and during the emergence of the egg the lining of the vagina dangles through the genital opening carrying the egg where it is placed between the two horns of a gene, then the lining of the drooping vagina is withdrawn, and in this way the gene member helps in the transfer of eggs From the reproductive hole to the thyroma over the withered female body, the female lays one egg mass and then dies.
The eggs hatch after about two to 3 weeks and sometimes the length of the period extends to several months, the eggs hatch from minute hexagonal larvae about 0.5 - 1.5 mm in length, and they are called a seed tick, the tick larvae are similar in shape to dream larvae except they contain parts (under the mouth).
The larva remains inactive after its departure for a few days, after which it becomes very active, crawling on the ground, and gathering at the tops of weeds and leaves, waiting for the passage of the appropriate host, the Huller member helps her in the search for her family, and the larva's behavior in the search for the family is called questing (tracking) Nymphs and adolescents are the same method to search for their families), when finding the appropriate host, the larvae crawl to the appropriate position of the host to begin feeding, usually the ears or eyelids, so the larva implanted the canine horns and under the mouth deep into the tissues of the host and begins feeding on the blood, the larvae remain on the host From 3-7 days and then fall to the ground, looking for a refuge between herbs and greenery or between stones, the larva takes 2-7 days to digest the blood meal, and it may arrive for several weeks in cold conditions.
After the blood meal is digested, the larvae remain inactive for a few days before they break into the mesophageal phase. Dissociation results in a nymph that climbs greenery and begins the process of exploring the appropriate host. When the host is found, the nymph itself hangs in the appropriate position and begins feeding, after about 5-10 days the nymphs full of blood fall to the ground.
The nymph needs about 3-4 weeks to digest the blood meal, during which it remains static. The tick passes only one nymph phase, after dissection, gives the young tick.
The newly formed young tick remains inactive for about a week, then climbs greenery to begin the prospecting process for a suitable host. An adult female tick feeds large amounts of blood.
An adult female stays on her family for a period of one week and may reach 4 weeks, male ticks feed on less blood compared to the female, and the family remains for long periods in search of its female for mating and a new cycle of life begins.
* There are types of ticks that are specialized for families, and there are other types that are less specialized and feed on different types of families, which makes them more vulnerable to pathogens.
* The first phases of ticks (caterpillars - nymphs) prefer feeding to small animals such as rodents - cats - dogs. In contrast, adults prefer different domestic and wild large mammals such as horses and cattle. All phases of ticks feed on humans, noting that immature phases are most intrusive to humans.
The life cycle of ticks extends to a month and may extend to a year in the absence of a suitable host.
* The ticks bear the severe difference in temperature and humidity. However, it was found that most species are absent from very dry areas as well as very wet areas, and the distribution of different types of ticks is related to different greenery patterns.
* The immature and adult phases of their families keep several kilometers and the continents may cross with it, as in migratory birds, so we find that the tick is not limited to a specific habitat and so it is more widespread.
First, the damage to ticks on animals
The transmission of many pathogens to animals.
It causes anemia of animals because it absorbs blood in large quantities.
Destruction of wool and leather
Second, the damage to the tick by humans
- When a human tick bites, all parts of the tick should be removed outside the body because it contains pathogens, the skin is washed with soap and water, and it is advisable to go to the nearest medical attention.
The tick transmits many diseases to humans (viral - bacterial - parasitic).
- Bacterial, such as (Lyme disease - recurrent fever - typhus - spotted rocky mountain fever).
Viral diseases such as (encephalitis - Congo fever - Colorado tick fever).
Parasitic disease (such as DHA babesia) is also called parasitic disease, and this disease is similar in symptoms to malaria.
Also, some of its toxins cause paralysis of ticks.
Tick prevention methods
Avoid being in places where ticks are frequent.
Wear clothing treated with pesticides if you have to be in areas where ticks are common.
Use tick repellents on clothes and skin.
Wear long-sleeved light-colored clothes and closed shoes.
The body must be closely examined after being present in areas where ticks are frequent to ensure that ticks are present.
- If the ticks are attached to the body, they must be disposed of properly and the insect must be removed completely.